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Berlin 2024 – wissenschaftliches Programm

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HL: Fachverband Halbleiterphysik

HL 34: Focus Session: Nanomechanical Systems for Classical and Quantum Sensing II (joint session HL/DY/TT/QI)

HL 34.9: Vortrag

Mittwoch, 20. März 2024, 17:15–17:30, EW 202

Tunable near-infrared exciton-polariton optomechanical GHz rulers of light — •Alexander Kuznetsov, Klaus Biermann, and Paulo V. Santos — Paul-Drude-Institut für Festkörperelektronik, Leibniz-Institut im Forschungsverbund Berlin e.V., Hausvogteiplatz 5-7, 10117 Berlin, Germany

Frequency combs, which consist of many equidistant optical lines, are photonic analogues of spatial rulers. Such rulers of light can be used for high-resolution spectroscopy, ranging, optical and atomic clocks, and for large-scale quantum systems. On-chip miniaturized and low-power comb-sources are, therefore, of great importance. Here, we demonstrate generation of tunable combs using spatially confined light-matter quasiparticles – exciton-polaritons – coherently modulated by GHz phonons inside a hybrid photon-phonon (Al,Ga)As patterned microcavity. Using non-resonant optical excitation, we create polariton Bose-Einstein-like condensates (BEC) with long temporal coherence reaching τBEC ≈ 2 ns. The BEC is modulated by piezoelectrically generated strain of bulk acoustic wave (BAW) phonons with frequency fBAW = 7 GHz and RF-tunable amplitude. Since τBEC ≫ 1/fBAW, the modulation is coherent and leads to the emergence of well-resolved phonon sidebands, separated by fBAW, in the polariton emission spectrum. For large BAW amplitudes, the comb contains up to 50 well-resolved lines with nearly-flat profile. The demonstrated RF-induced comb functionality may be useful for the realization of on-chip arrays of tunable GHz optical combs as well as coherent optical-to-microwave bi-directional conversion.

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