Berlin 2014 – wissenschaftliches Programm

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Q: Fachverband Quantenoptik und Photonik

Q 32: Poster: Quantum gases, ultracold atoms and molecules

Q 32.35: Poster

Mittwoch, 19. März 2014, 16:30–18:30, Spree-Palais

Quantum dynamics of spin waves in ultracold bosonic systems — •Frauke Seeßelberg1, Sebastian Hild1, Takeshi Fukuhara1, Peter Schauß1, Johannes Zeiher1, Immanuel Bloch1,2, and Christian Gross11Max-Planck-Institut für Quantenoptik, Hans-Kopfermann-Straße 1, 85748 Garching, Germany — 2Fakultät für Physik, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München, Schellingstraße 4, 80799 München, Germany

Ultracold quantum gases in optical lattices are promising candidates to simulate spin Hamiltonians, which describe a variety of different phenomena. Single-site resolved imaging of a single spin species allows for the spatially resolved measurement of spin-spin correlations. The atomic Mott insulator corresponds to a spin polarized state with very low entropy. Together with precise local or global spin manipulation, this allows for the study of the dynamics of precisely defined initial spin states.

We report on experiments studying the dynamics of bound and free magnons following local spin flips as well as globally imprinted spin spirals, which are highly excited states of the system. The ability to control the tunneling rate in the ultracold atomic gas allows us to study the scaling behavior of the spin spiral lifetime in one and two dimensions. The data is compared with theoretical predictions based on direct diagonalization.

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