Berlin 2014 – wissenschaftliches Programm

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Q: Fachverband Quantenoptik und Photonik

Q 32: Poster: Quantum gases, ultracold atoms and molecules

Q 32.7: Poster

Mittwoch, 19. März 2014, 16:30–18:30, Spree-Palais

Doublons and Holons in perodically driven Mott insulators — •Maximilian Genske and Achim Rosch — Institut für Theoretische Physik, Universität zu Köln, D-50937 Cologne, Germany

Periodically driven systems can lead to a directed motion of particles. We investigate this ratchet effect for a bosonic Mott insulator where both a staggered hopping and a staggered local potential vary periodically in time. If driving frequencies are smaller than the interaction strength and the density of excitations is small, one obtains effectively a one-particle quantum ratchet describing the motion of doubly occupied sites (doublons) and empty sites (holons). Such a simple quantum machine can be used to manipulate the excitations of the Mott insulator. For suitably chosen parameters, for example, holons and doublons move in opposite direction. To investigate whether the periodic driving can be used to move particles “uphill”, i.e., against an external force, we study the influence of a linear potential − F x. For long times, transport is only possible when the driving frequency ω and the external force F are commensurate, n F = m ω, with n,mZ.

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DPG-Physik > DPG-Verhandlungen > 2014 > Berlin