Dresden 2020 – wissenschaftliches Programm

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CPP: Fachverband Chemische Physik und Polymerphysik

CPP 17: 2D Materials I: Electronic Structure, Excitations, etc. (joint session O/CPP/HL)

CPP 17.1: Hauptvortrag

Montag, 16. März 2020, 10:30–11:00, WIL C107

A microscopic view of graphene quantum Hall edge states with STM and AFM measurements — •Joseph A. Stroscio — NIST, Gaithersburg, MD 20899, USA

2D heterostructed devices with electrostatic pn junction boundaries provide a convenient geometry for the examination of Quantum Hall edge states with microscopic probes. In this talk I will review our work in circular and rectangular geometries to examine the quantum Hall edge states which form in high magnetic field using scanning tunneling microscopy (STM) and atomic force microscopy (AFM) measurements. In circular graphene pn junctions a concentric series of compressible and incompressible rings form due to electron interactions, and show single electron charging when probed by scanning tunneling spectroscopy. In a rectangular Hall bar geometry defined by pn junction boundaries, the compressible strips form the topological protected edge states in the quantum Hall effect. For the graphene Hall bar device, we utilize simultaneous AFM, STM, and quantum transport measurements at mK temperatures. The Kelvin probe force microscopy (KPFM) mode of AFM detects the chemical potential transitions when Landau levels are being filled or emptied as a function of back gate potential. In particular, symmetry breaking states can be resolved at filling factors ν = *1 inside the N=0 Landau level manifold, showing the lifting of the graphene four-fold degeneracy due to spin and valley. With KPFM we can map the dispersion of the Landau levels across the quantum Hall edge boundary as a function of density and spatial position, including resolving the ν = *1 edge modes.

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