Dresden 2020 – wissenschaftliches Programm
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CPP 17.12: Vortrag
Montag, 16. März 2020, 13:30–13:45, WIL C107
Ab-initio Exciton-polaritons: Cavity control of two-dimensional Materials — •Simone Latini1, Enrico Ronca1, Hannes Hübener1, Umberto De Giovannini1, and Angel Rubio1,2 — 1Max Planck Institute for the Structure and Dynamics of Matter and Center for Free Electron Laser Science, 22761 Hamburg, Germany — 2Center for Computational Quantum Physics (CCQ), The Flatiron Institute, 162 Fifth avenue, New York NY 10010
We put forward a novel way of controlling the optical features of two-dimensional materials by embedding them in a cavity. The cavity light-matter interaction leads to the formation of exciton-polaritons, mixed states of matter and light. We demonstrate a reordering and mixing of bright and dark excitons leading to the direct optical observation of the latter. In type II van-der-Waals heterostructure, we show that the cavity provides control on the stabilization of inter- over intralayer excitons. Our theoretical predictions are based on a newly developed non-perturbative many-body framework that involves the ab-initio solution of the coupled quantized electron-photon Schrödinger equation in a quantum-electrodynamics plus Bethe-Salpeter approach. Within this framework we are able to investigate exciton-polariton states and predict their dispersion and response in a strong cavity light-matter coupling regime. Our method lends itself to the investigation of more complex polaritonic, so called phonoriton, a mixture of excitons, phonons and photons. In particular we were able to identify elusive phonoritonic spectral features observed in a state-of-the-art pump and probe experiment.