Dresden 2020 – wissenschaftliches Programm
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CPP 37.2: Vortrag
Dienstag, 17. März 2020, 10:00–10:15, ZEU 260
Brownian motion in near-surface pressure driven flows with 3D-nanometric spatial resolution — •Joshua McGraw1, Alexandre Vilquin1,2, Pierre Soulard1, Vincent Bertin1, Gabriel Guyard1,2, David Lacoste1, Elie Raphael1, Frederic Restagno2, and Thomas Salez3 — 1ESPCI Paris — 2Université Paris Sud — 3Université de Bordeaux
In near-surface flows, interfaces play a major role by imposing (typically) no-slip boundary conditions, greatly reducing the fluid velocity compared to the central part of a channel. With total internal reflection fluorescence (TIRF), a flow is illuminated with an evanescent field decaying over a few hundred nanometers into the channel; this decay allowing a determination of nanoparticle altitudes. Combined with particle tracking, experimental determination of the velocity profile and local velocity distributions in three dimensions are possible. Here we present a detailed look at the statistics of near-surface particle motions in pressure-driven water for which diffusion is important compared to advection. The distribution of displacements in the invariant flow direction is Gaussian as for normal diffusion. Significant anomalies are however observed for both of the other spatial dimensions. Combining experiments and simulations, we disentangle contributions from so-called Taylor-Aris dispersion, nanoparticle polydispersity and the optical measurement system. This description of TIRF allows for the study of many Brownian motion problems, such as near-surface polymer solution dynamics or particle motion near soft boundaries.