Dresden 2020 – wissenschaftliches Programm

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MA: Fachverband Magnetismus

MA 17: Skyrmions (jointly with MA, O) (joint session TT/MA)

MA 17.4: Vortrag

Montag, 16. März 2020, 17:00–17:15, HSZ 304

Weak Crystallization of Fluctuating Skyrmion Textures in MnSiJonas Kindervater1, Ioannis Stasinopoulos1, Andreas Bauer1, •Franz Xaver Haslbeck1, Felix Rucker1, Alfonso Chacon1, Sebastian Mühlbauer1, Christian Franz1, Markus Garst2,3, Dirk Grundler1,4, and Christian Pfleiderer11TU München, Garching, Germany — 2TU Dresden, Dresden, Germany — 3Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Karlsruhe, Germany — 4Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne, Lausanne, Switzerland

We report an experimental study of the emergence of nontrivial topological winding and long-range order across the paramagnetic to skyrmion lattice (SkL) transition in the transition metal helimagnet MnSi. Combining measurements of the susceptibility with small-angle neutron scattering, neutron-resonance spin-echo spectroscopy, and all-electrical microwave spectroscopy, we find evidence of skyrmion textures in the paramagnetic state exceeding 103 Å with lifetimes above several 10−9 s. Our experimental findings establish that the paramagnetic to SkL transition in MnSi is well described by the Landau soft-mode mechanism of weak crystallization, originally proposed in the context of the liquid-to-crystal transition. As a key aspect of this theoretical model, the modulation vectors of periodic small-amplitude components of the magnetization form triangles that add to zero. In excellent agreement with our experimental findings, these triangles of the modulation vectors entail the presence of the nontrivial topological winding of skyrmions already in the paramagnetic state of MnSi when approaching the SkL transition.

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